How the Presidential Elections Work
The presidential election is one of the most notorious voting opportunities for Americans over 18 years of age. Every adult who is interested can have a say of who they want to run the country during elec-tion time, but indirectly. You see, every person’s vote goes to a pool of members within the United States Electoral College. Their job it is to directly elect the president based on what the majority of voters want to see happen. In fact, the vice president is also elected in this manner.
Elections happen every four years, but one particular president may not remain in office for more than two terms (eight years) before a new president must be elected. Both state and federal laws come into play in order to make sure that the voting process is fair for all Americans according to the rules and regulations that are set into place.
On the State Level
Each state is allowed to have a specific number of electoral votes that are based on the number of rep-resentatives the state has in congress. Washington D.C. is also granted the same number of votes the smallest state is allocated. No United States territories are included in the presidential election at this time.
The legislature within each state is what determines which electors are going to be voted for, and is therefore responsible for coming up with the popular vote based on those electors. While the electors can technically vote for any presidential candidate that they choose, they rarely vote for anyone other than who is designated by the popular vote within their respective states.
The Goal of Presidential Candidates
Presidential candidates start out by getting the support of their counties, then their states, and then other states throughout the country before Election Day. This is done in a number of ways such as:
Touring each state where electoral votes are hoped to be gained.
Participating in debates with other potential presidential candidates.
Producing online and televisions advertisements.
One of the most important things a presidential candidate does before starting their campaign is com-ing up with a strong platform to run on. For example some candidates want to reform social services, while others are interested in saving taxpayers some money. These platforms are what set each can-didate apart from one another.
Potential presidential candidates need to gain popularity and support from many states throughout the country if they have a hope of actually moving into the white house!